Ayodhya

Ram Janmabhoomi (literally, “Rama’s birthplace”) is the name given to the site that is the birthplace of Rama, the 7th avatar of the Hindu deity Vishnu. The Ramayana states that the location of Rama’s birthplace is on the banks of the Sarayu river in a city called “Ayodhya”.

The word “Ayodhya” is a regularly formed derivation of the Sanskrit verb yudh, “to fight, to wage war”. Yodhya is the future passive participle, meaning “to be fought”; the initial a is the negative prefix; the whole, therefore, means “not to be fought” or, more idiomatically in English, “invincible”

Ayodhya was stated to be the capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom in the Ramayana. Hence it was also referred to as “Kosala”. The Adi Purana states that Ayodhya is famous as su-ko┼Ťala “because of its prosperity and good skill”.

The cities of Ayutthaya (Thailand), and Yogyakarta (Indonesia), are named after Ayodhya.